Punctuation

To get into the higher marks, it is important that you can identify and use a variety of punctuation.

.

FULL STOP

used to end a sentence.

"The dog sat down."

,

COMMA

used to break up different clauses in a sentence.

"Even though it was raining, she still went to the shop."

!

EXCLAMATION MARK

used to indicate raised voices, alarm, or urgency.

"No way!"

?

QUESTION MARK

- used to mark the end of a question.

"Why did the chicken cross the road?"

'

APOSTROPHE

1) used to indicate a contraction to show a letter is missing.
"It's not going to work."

2) used to show possession.

"It was John's coat."

""

SPEECH/QUOTATION MARKS

- used to show speech or text that is being quoted from elsewhere.

" "Hello," he said. "

( )

BRACKETS

- used to give additional information.

"J. Biff (he was the team captain) got everybody together for a pre-match team talk."

:

COLON

- used to introduce lists.

"My shopping list: bread, milk, apples, pizza."

;

SEMI-COLON

1) used instead of a conjunction/connective.

"It was a glorious day; the sun was pleasantly warm."

2) used to separate items in a list.

"The sign had three rules on it: firstly, no eating; secondly, no sleeping; finally, no singing."

DASH

1) can be used to break up text.

"I – I can't do it."

2) can also be used in the same way as brackets.

"Water is – as many scientists would agree – rather wet."